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Account and Inventory of Merchandise Received by DeHooges from Pieter Pietersz Wijncoop, c. 1644


Historical Context
The West India Company brought the first settlers to New Netherland to gather beaver pelts to sell back in the Netherlands but they had a hard time finding enough people to settle the colony. In an effort to attract more people, the company decided to give private entrepreneurs pieces of land in New Netherland if the entrepreneurs (patroons) promised to ship fifty colonists to it within four years. So, in 1631, a Dutch diamond merchant named Killiaen van Rensselaer bought a large tract of land around Fort Orange from the Mahicans who had long lived there. He established a "patroonship," or private farming community, which he named Rensselaerswijck. Many patroons bought land, but Kiliaen Van Rensselaer was the only one who was able to build a successful colony. His patroonship, Rensselaerswyck, lasted into the nineteenth century, passing down through generations of the Van Rensselaer family.

 

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer never visited America, but he worked hard to make his patroonship a success. Rensselaerswyck grew quickly, with a steady stream of farmers and tradesmen coming from Europe. Farming was the main activity in the patroonship. The products of farming were used to support the growing patroonship, but also the settlers in colonies nearby. Van Rensselaer had thought that the nearby West India Company settlement of Fort Orange, in the area of present day Albany, and his own colony of Rensselaerswyck would be mutually supporting: the fort would provide protection, and the patroonship would supply the fort with goods. Van Rensselaer hoped to make a profit by selling goods to the settlers in the fort. But the two settlements were so close to each other that they competed for profits, leading to a tense relationship between the patroon and the West India Company that controlled the fort.



 
Essential Question
How did the residents of Rensselaerswyck attempt to satisfy their basic economic needs?

 
Check for Understanding
Explain why these items would have been important to the colony.
[click to enlarge]
Account and Inventory of Merchandise Received by De Hooges from Pieter Pietersz Wijncoop, New York State Library, NYSL_sc7079_dehooghes-memo-book_A48
Document Description
Account and Inventory of Merchandise Received by DeHooges from Pieter Pietersz Wijncoop
Questions
  1. What is the purpose of this document?
  2. Sort the items into categories.
  3. Make three generalizations about the availability of these items in the colony. Be sure to support your generalizations with evidence from the document.
Translation
[Account and Inventory of Merchandise Received by De Hooges from Pieter Pietersz Wijncoop]

   [ ] Pieter Wijnkoop [ ]

6 Ells bombazine, at ƒ1:2 per ell                                                                     ƒ6:       12:       --

2 Ells of the same, at ƒ1 per ell                                                                       ƒ2:       --:         --

6 Ells lace at ƒ1:2 per ell                                                                                 ƒ6:       12:       --

100 Double nails                                                                                             ƒ2:       --:         --

300 Single nails                                                                                               ƒ3:       --:         --

1600 Nails                                                                                                       ƒ22:     16:       --

1 Kan Spanish wine                                                                                        ƒ1:       4:         --

1 Pair of shoes for de Swart, 1/2 beaver                                                         ƒ3:       10:       --

2 lb. powdered sugar                                                                                      ƒ2:       8:         --

1 lb. candles                                                                                                    ƒ--:       8:         --

100 Double nails                                                                                             ƒ2:       --:         --

50 Single nails                                                                                                 ƒ--:       10:       --

44 Candles, 5 1/2 lb.                                                                                       ƒ2:       4:         --

200 Single

200 Nails For de Vlackte                                                                                ƒ5:       8:         --

1 Sword at 2 beavers                                                                                      ƒ14:     --:         --

4 lb. sugar                                                                                                        ƒ4:       16:       --

¼ lb. cinnamon                                                                                                ƒ1:       10:       --

100 Nails                                                                                                         ƒ--:       14:       --

19 Small candles                                                                                             ƒ1:       10:       --

6 Small candles                                                                                               ƒ--:       12:       --

300 Nails                                                                                                         ƒ2:       2:         --

Another 300 Nails at 14 stivers                                                                      ƒ2:       2:         --

1 Loaf of sugar                                                                                               ƒ2:       --:         --

1 Kettle to the mill                                                                                          ƒ7:       --:         --

Pewter dinner plates                                                                                       ƒ21:     12:       --

6 Napkins                                                                                                        ƒ7:       4:         --

ƒ114:   2:         --

 

    3 beavers repaid to me by Dirck Claesz, appears per account                    ƒ21:     --:         --

    2 of the same paid to Tomas Chambers for me, as per account                  ƒ14:     --:         --

    Repaid to me by Teunis Metselaer                                                              ƒ74:     --:         --

    Repaid by Van der Donck                                                                          ƒ134:   --:         --

    In cheese, milk, bread, and other things advanced to me while I

was on Manhattan in the year 1644                                                    ƒ6:       10:       --

    For 1 1/2 mudde wheat consumed in the household                                  ƒ15:     --:         --

ƒ378:   12:       --