Tavern Account (Fragmant) Mrs. Rensselaer, n.d.

Historical Context
The taverns were a center of social life in both the Netherlands and New Netherland. The Dutch colonial tavern was an important place for people to find entertainment and conduct business. People drank, smoked, gambled, and completed business transactions within the tavern walls. Colonists also ordered their drinking and medicinal wine from the tavern keeper. Drinking was a key component of business transactions in Dutch life. A business agreement would not be considered complete without the two parties having a drink to make the deal official.
            Individuals from all social classes frequented the tavern. For example, the tavern keepers of New Netherland not only did business with the colonists but also with the local Indians. The government of the colony regulated the taverns and the amounts of alcohol that could be sold to local Indians. The government also tried to limit the amount of gambling that took place at the tavern.     
Essential Question
How were taverns both a positive and negative influence on the colony?
Check for Understanding
Explain the importance of taverns in the Dutch colony.
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Fragment of a tavern account , New York State Library, NYSL_SC7079_tavern_account
Document Description
Fragment of a tavern account For "Mrs. Rensselaer," n.d.
  1. What is the purpose of this document?
Mrs. R]ensselaers debit
F[rench] wine fetched
by [?]kermans .......................................................ƒ 8 –
F[rench] wine fetched by the negro 8
F[rench] wine fetched by her son 8
F[rench] wine fetched by the negro 8
Absinth [alsem wine] fetched by her [ne]gro 4 – 12
a jug [kanne] of F[rench] wine fetched by [the]
negro 8
a [pint?] of absinth fetched by her maid 2 – 10
[?? Copy?] Sum ƒ 47 – 2