Education

Debit and Credit Account with Captain John Allen of New England. February 21, 1661


Historical Context
The dominant role of the Dutch in the formation of a global trade network began with a series of events which took place in the early 17th century. In 1602, the Dutch East India Company was formed as a means of maximizing trade in the East. Seven years later, in 1609, an English explorer named Henry Hudson claimed a portion of the North American continent for the Dutch. Eventually, the Dutch West India Company was chartered in 1621 in an effort to expand Dutch trading opportunities to the Americas.
With an official investment in expanding trade westward, the Dutch began their domination of the transatlantic trade. Dutch trading ports were established along the South American coast, on Caribbean islands, and in the North American Dutch colony of New Netherland. The combination of these new trading ports with the established trading ports in the East gave the Dutch a vast network of global trade.
 
Essential Question
How did the system of transatlantic trade meet the basic needs of different Dutch colonial regions?
 
Check for Understanding
How are the basic needs of both sides being met in this transaction?
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ACCOUNT (debit-credit) of Captain John Allen, New York State Archives, NYSA_A1883-78_V17_074
Document Description
Debit and Credit Account with Captain John Allen of New England. February 21, 1661.
Questions
  1. What items are being delivered by John Allen?
Translation
74 from the Curacao Papers
Mons. Capt. John Allen
Debit Anno 1661 25 Feb.
To Jacob Abondano for 10 pieces of rough Osnabruck linen, 938 ells at 6 st. per ellf281:80,—
To Curaçao horses, 20 head at 60 guilders a head                          f1200:—     
To tanned leather, 46 pieces at 3 rl. a piecef41:80,—
To Negroes, 5 head at 150 pieces of eight per head                          f1800:—     
To cash with which to pay his men, 200 pieces of eight                            ƒ480:—  
Total                               f 3802:16,—
 
Credit Anno 1661 25 February as follows:
308 boards at 24 st. a piecef369:12,—
175 skipples of peas at 48 stf420:—,—
7 barrels of meal at 15 P per barrelf252:—,—
Salted meat, excellent 7 barrels Bacon, 3 barrels 3 10 barrels at 20 P per barrelf480:—,—
17 barrels of mackerel at 10 P per barrelf408:—,—
3582 lbs. of codfish at 2½ st. per lb.f447:15,—
850 lbs. ditto, better at 3 st. per lbf127:10,—
508 lbs. ditto, poorer at 2½ st. per lbf63:10,—
1550 lbs. English cakes at 8 P per 100 wt.ƒ297:12,—
:. 2 casks of tar at 5 P per caskf24:—,—
 f2889:19,—
By balance of this the aforesaid John Allen is obligated by bond to pay to the honorable lord Petrus Stuyvesant, director-generalf912:17,—
Totalf3802:16,—