Education

Bill of Lading for 20 Slaves Shipped from Curaçao to New Netherland on the Eyckenboom, May 8, 1660


Historical Context
The dominant role of the Dutch in the formation of a global trade network began with a series of events which took place in the early 17th century. In 1602, the Dutch East India Company was formed as a means of maximizing trade in the East. Seven years later, in 1609, an English explorer named Henry Hudson claimed a portion of the North American continent for the Dutch. Eventually, the Dutch West India Company was chartered in 1621 in an effort to expand Dutch trading opportunities to the Americas.

With an official investment in expanding trade westward, the Dutch began their domination of the transatlantic trade. Dutch trading ports were established along the South American coast, on Caribbean islands, and in the North American Dutch colony of New Netherland. The combination of these new trading ports with the established trading ports in the East gave the Dutch a vast network of global trade.
 
Essential Question
How did the system of transatlantic trade meet the basic needs of different Dutch colonial regions?
Check for Understanding
Explain the purpose of this document and summarize the contents and destination of this shipment.
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Document Description
Bill of lading for 20 Slaves shipped from Curaçao to New Netherland on the Eyckenboom, May 8, 1660.
Questions
  1. Describe the contents of this ship.
Translation
Document 61 from the Curacao Papers I, the undersigned Jan Jansen Eyckenboom, skipper, next to God, of my ship named Den Eyckenboom, presently lying within the harbor of the island of Curacao, ready to sail to New Netherland, hereby acknowledge to have received in my aforesaid ship from the honorable lord vice-director Matthias Beck for the account of the honorable Company, twenty healthy slaves or male Negroes, whom I accept and promise to deliver, after safe arrival with my aforesaid ship in New Netherland, to the honorable lord director general and council. In testimony thereof three identical receipts have been executed, of which the others are invalid when one is satisfied. Curacao in FortAmsterdam, the 8th of May 1660. Jan JanszEijckenboom