Education

Bill of Lading for Five Slaves Loaded at Curaçao for New Netherland, August 24, 1659


Historical Context
The dominant role of the Dutch in the formation of a global trade network began with a series of events which took place in the early 17th century. In 1602, the Dutch East India Company was formed as a means of maximizing trade in the East. Seven years later, in 1609, an English explorer named Henry Hudson claimed a portion of the North American continent for the Dutch. Eventually, the Dutch West India Company was chartered in 1621 in an effort to expand Dutch trading opportunities to the Americas.

With an official investment in expanding trade westward, the Dutch began their domination of the transatlantic trade. Dutch trading ports were established along the South American coast, on Caribbean islands, and in the North American Dutch colony of New Netherland. The combination of these new trading ports with the established trading ports in the East gave the Dutch a vast network of global trade.
 
Essential Question
How did the system of transatlantic trade meet the basic needs of different Dutch colonial regions?
 
Check for Understanding
Explain the transaction described in this document.
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Document Description
Bill of Lading for five slaves loaded at Curacao for New Netherland
 
Questions
  1. Where is the ship at the time the document was created?
Translation
51a from the Curacao Papers I [Jan Pietersen] van [Dockum] skipper, next to God, of my ship named [Speramundij] now lying ready before [Curaçao] to sail with the first good wind, which God may grant to [N. Nederlandt] where my rightful place of unloading shall be, acknowledge and certify that I have from you [FransBruyn] received into the hold of my aforesaid ship [five Negroes, among whom is one girl] all dry and in good condition, and marked with this distinguishing mark. All of which I promise to deliver (if God grants me a safe voyage) with my aforesaid ship to [N. Nederlandt] as stated above to the [honorable lord director-general Petrus Stuyvesant] or to his factor or deputy, on condition of paying for the freight of the aforesaid merchandise [according to the discretion of the aforesaid honorable director-general.] And in order to guarantee the above-stated, I pledge myself and all my goods, and my aforesaid ship with all its appurtenances. In acknowledgement of the truth I have signed three bills of lading with my name, all identical; when one is satisfied the others are invalid. Written in [Curaçao] the [24th] day of [August 1659]. [Yan Pyersz Grot van Dockom]