Education

Niagara Falls, c. 1890


Historical Context
Niagara Falls is a set of massive waterfalls located on the Niagara River in eastern North America on the border between the United States and Canada. The falls is the second-largest falls in the world after Victoria Falls in southern Africa. Niagara Falls is made up of three different falls: Bridal Veil Falls, Horseshoe Falls, and the American Falls.



Niagara Falls is only 12,000 years old.  It was created by the glaciers pressing down on the land and gouging out the surface, and then melting and releasing large amounts of water.  The falls are a valuable source of hydroelectric power for both Ontario and New York.  



 
Essential Question
How does geography influence human settlement patterns and economic systems?
Check for Understanding
Describe the scene in this photograph and explain how geography influenced New York's settlement and economy.
[click to enlarge]
American & Luna Falls from Below., New York State Archives, NYSA_A3045-78_D47_NiG83
Document Description
American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls, view from below, Niagara Falls, circa 1890.
Questions
  1. What two countries does Niagara Falls border?
  2. How many falls make up Niagara Falls?
  3. Does this photograph display multiple falls, or just one?
  4. How old is Niagara Falls?
Historical Challenge
Niagara Falls was the subject of what international treaty?
Interdisciplinary Connections
Science: What is hydroelectric power, and how does it work?

 
English Language Arts: Create a travel brochure for people visiting Niagara Falls. Include five interesting facts about the falls.
Resources
  1. Bauer, Marion Dane. Niagara Falls. New York: Aladdin, 2006. ISBN: 0689869452.

     
  2. Berton, Pierre. Niagara: A History of the Falls. New York: Kodansha International, 1997. ISBN: 1568361548
  3. Charles, Veronika Martenova. The Maiden of the Mist: A Legend of Niagara Falls. Toronto: Stoddart Kids, 2001. ISBN: 0773762078, 0773732977
  4. Whitcraft, Melissa. The Niagara River. New York: Franklin Watts, 2001. ISBN: 0531119033
  5. Vander Wilt, Dirk. Niagara Falls: A Guide for Tourists. New York: Parkscape Press, 2005. ISBN: 0976706415
  6. http://www.niagaraparks.com/nfgg/geology.php
  7. http://www.niagarafallslive.com/Facts_about_Niagara_Falls.htm
  8. http://www.niagara-usa.com/
  9. http://www.niagarafrontier.com/


  10. http://www.onlineniagara.com/niagara-info.php