Court proceedings. Rev. Francis Douty vs. Willem Gerritsen, an Englishman, for libel, consisting of a defamatory song against plaintiff and his daughter ; defendant pleads guilty ; sentence, to stand bound to the May-pole in the fort, with two rods around his neck and the libel over his head, until the conclusion of the English sermon ; and should he ever sing the song again, to be flogged and banished. 
June 10 1645
New York State Archives. New York (Colony). Council. Dutch colonial council minutes, 1638-1665. Series A1809-78. Volume 4, page 224.
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