Tuscarora Section of the Population Census of Indian Reservations, 1845

Title page of the 1845 census for the Tuscarora Reservation. This document forms part of the 1845 schedules of the enumeration of the population of the Tuscarora Indian Reservation, which is part of the set of schedules for all Indian Reservations in New York State (except Long Island). These schedules were compiled under the direction of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, a state appointed census taker and marshall for all of the reservations except the St. Regis. The schedules are the printed forms used for the general state census taken in 1845. The data collected for the reservations is largely the same with additional data categories added [except St. Regis]. These categories were intended to help indicate the extent to which reservation residents had adopted European and American culture and economics e.g. number of plows, value obtained from hunting, lands rented out, level of education, form of employment, and ?statistics of morality.? Schedules are present for the following reservations (in order of binding): Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Seneca of Buffalo Creek, Seneca of Cattaragus, Cayuga of Cattaragus, Seneca of Alleghany, Tonawanda, and the St. Regis Mohawk.

Original title page of the 1845 census for the Tuscarora Reservation.

Page 1 of 2 of an Act passed May 7, 1845 establishing the New York State census of 1845. Entitled "AN ACT Relative to the Census or Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the State." Provides instructions on how the census is to be carried out. Printed.

Page 2 of 2 of an Act passed May 7, 1845 establishing the 1845 New York census. Provides instructions on how the census is to be carried out. Printed.

Schedule data, page one of six-page schedule [columns 1-12]. Listing, in no particular order, of English-language names of Tuscarora Indian heads of families and their Tuscarora equivalents. In some cases, a translation of the Tuscarora name is given. Data includes the number of males and females in the family including the head member, number of married females under 45 and number of unmarried females in the family between the ages of 16 and 45.. Manuscript [handwritten] data on printed form.

Schedule data, page two of six-page schedule [columns 13-24]. Data categories include statistics on family structure e.g. number of unmarried females under 16, number of marriages, births, and deaths, number of family members born in New York and elsewhere. Manuscript (handwritten) data on printed form.

Schedule data, page three of six-page schedule, [columns 25-36]. Data categories include statistics on family structure [e.g. number of children between 5-16, children attending various levels of school] and economic status for individual and family units [e.g. home textile manufacturing, land under cultivation for barley, peas and beans]. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Schedule data, page four of six-page schedule [columns 37-48]. Data categories cover cultivation and agricultural production e.g. potatoes, wheat, oats planted and harvested; number of cattle horses and hogs and butter/cheese produced. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Schedule data, page five of six-page schedule [columns 49-57]. Additional handwritten data categories concerned with cultivation and land use e.g. number of plows, value of horticultural products, lands let, number of persons from other tribes (tenants? laborers?) and others. Manuscript (handwritten) form and poor legibility of column titles.

Schedule data, page six of six-page schedule [columns 58-61]. Handwritten data categories include occupation and education statistics e.g. number of residents in various occupations [mechanics, farmers, physicians, teachers, translators] and level of education. Statistics on ?morality? include number of persons adhering to native religions and who are pledged to temperance. Number of state and federal annuities received is also provided. Poor legibility of handwritten column titles. Manuscript (handwritten) form.

Schedule data. Repeat of page one of six-page schedule [columns 1-12]. Listing of twenty additional English language names of Tuscarora Indian heads of families and their Tuscarora equivalents. In most cases, an English translation of the Tuscarora name is given. Data includes the number of males and females in the family, number of married females under 45 and the number of unmarried females in the family between the ages of 16 and 45. Manuscript [handwritten] data on printed form.

Tuscarora census. Schedule data. Repeat of page two of six-page schedule, [columns 13-24] continuation of household information e.g. number of unmarried females under 16, number of marriages, births, and deaths, number of family members born in New York, and those born elsewhere and in Great Britain. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Schedule data. Repeat of page three of six-page schedule, [columns 25-36]. Data categories include statistics on family structure e.g. number of children between 5-16, children attending various levels of school and economic status for individual and family units e.g. home textile manufacturing, land under cultivation for barley, peas and beans. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Schedule data. Repeat of page four of six-page schedule [columns 37-48]. Data categories cover cultivation and agricultural production e.g. potatoes, wheat, oats planted and harvested; number of cattle horses and hogs and butter/cheese produced. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Schedule data. Repeat of page five of six-page schedule [columns 49-57]. Additional handwritten data categories concerned with cultivation and land use e.g. number of plows, value of horticultural products, lands let, number of persons from other tribes (tenants? laborers?) and others. Manuscript (handwritten) form and poor legibility of column titles.

Schedule data. Repeat of page six of six-page schedule [columns 58-61]. Handwritten data categories include occupation and education statistics e.g. number of residents in various occupations [mechanics, farmers, physicians, teachers, translators] and level of education. Statistics on ?morality? include number of persons adhering to native religions and who are pledged to temperance. Data categories also include the number of state and federal annuities received. Poor legibility of handwritten column titles. Manuscript (handwritten) form.

Recapitulation of schedule data in column format. Aggregate population data includes number of males and females, number of births and deaths, children in school, agricultural production, number of farmers, mechanics, and ?semi-hunters? etc. Manuscript (handwritten) on printed form.

Concludes recapitulation of schedule data, and gives aggregate information re: occupations, ?morality statistics? and annuities received. A comparative table is provided showing the total number of the Tuscarora tribe at Canton, the numbers from the preceding census, and the number estimated (source of estimate not given) to live among the Oneidas of Wisconsin, and the Mohawks and Cayugas of Canada. Handwritten recapitulation is recorded on page four of the six-page schedule form.

Contains Henry Schoolcraft's signature and affirmation of the accuracy of the preceding enumeration. Dated October 31st, 1845. Manuscript (handwritten) added to printed form. Henry Schoolcraft was state-appointed census taker and Marshall of all the Indian reservations except the St. Regis.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page two of six-page schedule.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page three of six-page schedule.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page four of six-page schedule.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page one from six-page schedule.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page two from six-page schedule.

Tuscarora Census. No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page three from six-page schedule.

No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of page four of six-page schedule.

No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of two-page schedule.

Printed form of two-page schedule concerned with disabled populations (mainly mental illness) e.g. number of persons, age, sex and whether they were supported by private or public charity.

Printed form of two-page schedule. Data categories include number of churches and denominations as well as associated construction and improvement costs. Limited entries.

No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of two-page schedule re: places of worship.

No entries recorded - blank page. Printed form of two-page schedule re: schools and other academic institutions.

Printed form of two-page schedule. Data categories include number of schools and other academic institutions and costs associated with facilities, real estate and repairs.

No entries recorded - blank page. Printed page of schedule re: trades and professions. Data categories include number of hotels and retail trade and various trades and professions, e.g. farmers, merchants, mechanics, attorneys and clergyman. Manuscript (handwritten) data on printed form. Concludes Tuscarora section of census.
Identifier
NYSA_A1832-78_Tuscarora
Date
1845
Contributor
Schoolcraft, Henry, 1793-1864
Language
English
Source
Accession No. A1832-78, Secretary of State, Population Census of Indian Reservations, 1845.
Rights
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Geographic Locations

New York